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About Biology of Sex Differences

This page includes information about the aims and scope of Biology of Sex Differences, editorial policies, open access and article-processing charges, the peer review process and other information. For details of how to prepare and submit a manuscript through the online submission system, please see the instructions for authors.

Aims & scope

Biology of Sex Differences considers manuscripts on all aspects of the effects of sex on biology and disease.

Sex has profound effects on physiology and the susceptibility to disease. The function of cells and organs depends on their sex, determined by the interplay among the genome and biological and social environments. The study of sex differences is a discipline in itself, with its own concepts and methods that apply across tissues.

An understanding of the effect of sex on biology and disease requires an interdisciplinary approach in which the interaction of diverse sex-specific factors are studied at all levels, from molecular to the level of biological systems. The development of novel therapies for disease requires a sex-based conceptual framework.

Topical areas include, but are not limited to sex differences in:

  • the genome
  • epigenetics
  • molecular and cell biology
  • tissue biology
  • physiology
  • interaction of tissue systems, in any system including adipose, behavioral, cardiovascular, immune, muscular, neural, renal, and skeletal
  • and clinical studies bearing on sex differences in disease or response to therapy

For further information about the material covered by Biology of Sex Differences, please see our "Criteria for publication" below and to view details of our Editorial Board members, please visit the "Editorial Board" page. The journal is now being tracked by Thomson Reuters (ISI) for Impact Factor.

Open access

All articles published by Biology of Sex Differences are made freely and permanently accessible online immediately upon publication, without subscription charges or registration barriers. Further information about open access can be found here.

Authors of articles published in Biology of Sex Differences are the copyright holders of their articles and have granted to any third party, in advance and in perpetuity, the right to use, reproduce or disseminate the article, according to the BioMed Central copyright and license agreement.

For authors who are US government employees or are prevented from being copyright holders for similar reasons, BioMed Central can accommodate non-standard copyright lines. Please contact us if further information is needed.

Article-processing charges

Open access publishing is not without costs. Biology of Sex Differences therefore levies an article-processing charge of £1365/$2325/€1725 for each article accepted for publication. If the submitting author's institution is a Member, the cost of the article-processing charge is covered by the membership, and no further charge is payable. In the case of authors whose institutions are Supporter Members, however, a discounted article-processing charge is payable by the author. We routinely waive charges for authors from low-income countries. For other countries, article-processing charge waivers or discounts are granted on a case-by-case basis to authors with insufficient funds. Authors can request a waiver or discount during the submission process. For further details, see our article-processing charge page.

Indexing services

All articles published in Biology of Sex Differences are included in:

  • CAS
  • DOAJ
  • Google Scholar
  • OAIster
  • PubMed
  • PubMed Central
  • Science Citation Index Expanded
  • SOCOLAR
  • Zetoc
  • Zoological Record

The full text of all research articles is deposited in digital archives including e-Depot (The Netherlands).

The full text of all research articles published by BioMed Central is also available on SpringerLink.

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Biology of Sex Differences is tracked by Thomson Reuters (ISI) and has an unofficial Impact Factor of 4.30

Publication and peer review process

Criteria for publication

Biology of Sex Differences considers the following types of articles:

  • Research: reports of data from original research and clinical trial outcomes.
  • Reviews: comprehensive, authoritative descriptions of any subject within the scope of the journal.
  • Database articles: present an argument that is not essential based on practical research. Debate articles can report on all aspects of the subject including sociological and ethical aspects.
  • Commentaries: short, focused and opinionated articles on any subject within the journal's scope. These articles are usually related to a contemporary issue, such as recent research findings. They focus on specific issues and are about 800 words in length.
  • Letters to the Editor: these can take three forms: a substantial re-analysis of a previously published article, or a substantial response to such a re-analysis from the authors of the original publication, or an article that may not cover 'standard research' but that may be relevant to readers.

Peer review policies

Biology of Sex Differences operates a single blinded, closed peer review policy. We are committed to rapid review and publication. The Editor-in-Chief will review all manuscripts for suitability on submission, and will send those that fit the scope of the journal to be peer reviewed by at least two experts in the field. The final decision over acceptance is made by the Editor-in-Chief and we aim to provide this within six weeks. Authors always have the right to contest the decision by communicating with the Editor-in-Chief.

Authors will be able to check the progress of their manuscript through the submission system at any time by logging into My Biology of Sex Differences, a personalized section of the site.

Copyediting and proofs

All articles published in Biology of Sex Differences are copyedited before publication of the final version.

Articles published in Biology of Sex Differences are published immediately on acceptance in the form of a provisional PDF. Copyedited and fully formatted PDF and full-text (HTML) versions are made available shortly after that.

Edited versions will be sent by email and corrections should be returned within two working days. Please provide a typed list of corrections clearly indicating where the corrections should be made and please send this list by email.

The editing is designed only to correct such things as misused words, spelling errors, missing references or incomplete citation information.

Reprints

High-quality, bound reprints can be purchased for all articles published. Please see our reprints website for further information about ordering reprints.

Supplements

Biology of Sex Differences will consider supplements based on proceedings (full articles or meeting abstracts), reviews or research. All articles submitted for publication in supplements are subject to peer review. Published supplements are fully searchable and freely accessible online and can also be produced in print. For further information, please contact us.

Editorial policies

All manuscripts submitted to Biology of Sex Differences should adhere to BioMed Central's editorial policies.

Citing articles in Biology of Sex Differences

Articles in Biology of Sex Differences should be cited in the same way as articles in a traditional journal. Because articles are not printed, they do not have page numbers; instead, they are given a unique article number.

Article citations follow this format:

Authors: Title. Biol sex dif [year], [volume number]:[article number].

e.g. Roberts LD, Hassall DG, Winegar DA, Haselden JN, Nicholls AW, Griffin JL: Increased hepatic oxidative metabolism distinguishes the action of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor delta from Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor gamma in the Ob/Ob mouse. Biol sex dif 2009, 1:115.

refers to article 115 from Volume 1 of the journal.

Why publish your article in Biology of Sex Differences?

High visibility

Biology of Sex Differences's open access policy allows maximum visibility of articles published in the journal as they are available to a wide, global audience. Articles that have been especially highly accessed are highlighted with a 'Highly accessed' graphic, which appears on the journal's contents pages and search results.

Speed of publication

Biology of Sex Differences offers a fast publication schedule whilst maintaining rigorous peer review; all articles must be submitted online, and peer review is managed fully electronically (articles are distributed in PDF form, which is automatically generated from the submitted files). Articles will be published with their final citation after acceptance, in both fully browsable web form, and as a formatted PDF; the article will then be available through Biology of Sex Differences and BioMed Central.

Flexibility

Online publication in Biology of Sex Differences gives authors the opportunity to publish large datasets, large numbers of color illustrations and moving pictures, to display data in a form that can be read directly by other software packages so as to allow readers to manipulate the data for themselves, and to create all relevant links (for example, to PubMed, to sequence and other databases, and to other articles).

Promotion and press coverage

Articles published in Biology of Sex Differences are included in article alerts and regular email updates. Some may be included in abstract books mailed to academics and are highlighted on Biology of Sex Differences's pages and on the BioMed Central homepage.

In addition, articles published in Biology of Sex Differences may be promoted by press releases to the general or scientific press. These activities increase the exposure and number of accesses for articles published in Biology of Sex Differences. A list of articles recently press-released by journals published by BioMed Central is available here.

Authors of articles published in Biology of Sex Differences retain the copyright of their articles and are free to reproduce and disseminate their work (for further details, see the BioMed Central copyright and license agreement).

For further information about the advantages of publishing in a journal from BioMed Central, please click here.